Procedures of Fertility and Reproductive Health:-
There are several procedures through which one can maintain reproductive health:-
In vitro Fertilization:-
This technique involves fertilization of the egg by the sperm outside the body in conditions that are similar to those inside the body. Then, the developed embryo is implanted in the uterus itself.
Medications to increase egg development:-
Various kinds of medicines are also provided to enhance the formation of an egg by activating follicle stimulating hormone that is vital for egg growth and development.
Insemination is a technique in which healthy and most motile sperms are selected and then inserted into the uterine cavity to fertilize the egg.
Sometimes surgery may also be suggested by the doctors in order to remove the factors which are causing infertility.
Preimplantation Genetic Disorder (PGS)
If there are some dreaded disease which is running in the family, it becomes important to make sure it is not transferred to the developing embryo. So, PGS is done to select the embryo which is unaffected by the disease and later implanted in the uterus.
Reproductive Health Problems
Most common conditions or causes of infertility in women involves:-
Causes of Infertility:-
- Ovarian Insufficiency- losing of eggs before the age of 40.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome- results in abnormal hormones irregular menstrual cycle and also cysts in the ovary.
- Blocked Fallopian tube.
- Uterine fibroids- these are finger-like projections present in uterus.
- Endometrium polyps.
- Abnormal sperm counts in male.
Side effects of the treatment
- Increase chances of multiple births.
- Dizziness and upset stomach.
- Decrease ovulation.
Fertility and Reproductive Health in India:-
With the growth of medical tourism in India, it is now possible for the people of the west to get best treatments and facilities in top hospitals. The overall cost of the treatment is also quite less which makes India a popular destination. The healthcare sector has shown immense growth in past years with the availability of best techniques and doctors which are comparable to that of the west.