Types of hip and knee fracture:
- Intracapsular fractures: Intracapsular fractures occur at the neck and head of femur within the capsule.
- Intertrochanteric fracture: It occurs between the neck of femur and lesser trochanter.
- Subtrochanteric fracture: The frequency is 10 percent with bimodal distribution. It has high rates of nonunion and implant.
- Bursa inflammation: The trochantric bursa which is a sac on the external surface of the hip that serves to protect muscles. The inflammation of bursa known as bursitis. The bone may become weak after the inflammation and can lead to variety of fractures.
- Osteoarthritis: It is the most common condition which affects the hip and knee joint in adults. Individual with osteoarthritis weaken the hip and knee bone and make them more prone for fractures.
- Fracture knee cap: It is the fracture of the lower portion of the femur or upper part of tibia and fibula. These are caused by abnormal forces like falling on knee and twisted motion.
- Patellar dislocation: The dislocation of knee cap is another painful condition that needs to be rectified. It occurs most commonly in 13-18 years old girls. There are other conditions as well that make the individual suffer from deadly pain and discomfort like gout, lupus, Osgood schlatter disease and popliteal cyst etc.
- Total hip replacement: In this type of surgery part of thigh bone including the ball is replaced with a new one is fixed into the thigh bone.
- Metal on metal hip resurfacing: In this surgery the tip of the thigh bone is not replaced rather a hollow metal cap is fitted over the head of the femur. The socket is also resurfaced for proper fitting.
- Knee arthroscopy: It is also a surgery involving tiny camera to look inside the knee. It is done under local anesthesia, spinal and sometimes general anesthesia.
- Total knee replacement: The whole patella is changed.
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Common Orthopedic Disorders