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Dentistry is the branch of science that deals with the study of dental problems. It includes diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of oral cavity. One may require to visit the dentist for a regular checkup and sometimes to carry out complex process as well.

Dental Problems:-

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay also known as dental caries develops due to the intake of a large amount of sugar and starch. When it stays in your mouth for long time tooth decay starts to occur. It can be prevented by regular flossing and using a fluoride containing toothpaste.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is caused because of bacterial infections which cause damage to the tissues, gums, and bones of the teeth. It is also known as gingivitis. Those with errant oral hygiene habits are at risk. Regular brushing and flossing together with the visit to the dentists can prevent the disease. Sometimes gum graft may also be suggested after deep damage to the tissues.

Tooth Infection

It is known to occur because of bacterial infection. It may damage the tooth pulp and root canal.

Enamel Erosion

Continuous intake of soda and other citrus drinks leads to enamel erosion, making your teeth discolored and rounded. To prevent it avoid taking harmful drinks and carry out gentle brushing as well.

Dry Mouth

It is a harmful condition arising due to lack of saliva in the mouth. Saliva helps in removing bacteria in the oral cavity. It can be prevented by taking more water and avoiding drinks like tea and alcohol.

Oral Cancer

There has been a tremendous increase in the cases of oral cancer. It occurs because of the heavy intake of tobacco and alcohol. It can be prevented by avoiding consuming these two.

Oral Candidiasis

This causes an increase in the sensitivity of the teeth. The person may feel coldness and hotness while consuming the food. It is a most common type of fungal infection.

Various types of dental treatment

Bonding

It is a restorative process that comprises of using an assorted type of resin or plastic to treat teeth which are fractured, decayed, discolored and also to fill tooth gaps.

Braces

Braces are the most common type of dental treatment which is done to alter the alignment of the teeth. It involves putting high pressure on the teeth.

Bridges and Implants

These are designed to replace missing tooth. Implants support the root while bridges make the tooth.

Crown and Caps

As the name suggest crown are put over the broken or fractured tooth to support it. It is also known as the cap.

Dentures

These are the prosthetic devices that are designed to replace missing teeth. They may be partial or completely false teeth.

Extractions

It is an orthodontic treatment method which involves removing the teeth which are damaged.

Dental fillings

Sometimes teeth may be damaged due to cavities and trauma. In these cases, a dental filling is used to restore the failing teeth.

Gum Surgery

Gum Surgery is suggested when damage to the teeth is very severe. Diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis cause much damage to the dental tissues.

Oral Cancer Detection

Dentists do regular checkup of your mouth, neck and throat for the detection of some abnormal lump which may cause cancer.

Root Canal

A root canal involves removing the infected teeth and filling the empty space and sealing it completely.

Dental Sealants

Dental Sealants are the agents that are put on molars and premolars to prevent them from harmful bacteria.

Teeth Whitening

Teeth may lose color with time due to various reasons like acid containing beverages like tea and coffee tooth decay and smoking. Teeth whitening can be done to obtain the natural color.

Veneers

These are strong resin material that is used to treat chipped and broken teeth. They are also used to fill gaps between the teeth.

Dental Treatment in India

Dental care and surgery are very popular in India. Several people from abroad come here to get the best treatment. Today, there are numerous multi-specialty hospitals which render high-quality treatment at half the price in comparison to western and European countries. Highly experienced doctors provide best services to the patients.

FAQ

Anyone can get dental sealants who want to protect their teeth from harmful chemicals. It is however advised to get them regularly checked.
Almost all the toothpaste contains abrasives that help to treat discolored teeth. But the best effect is seen in dentist’s office.
There is various ways through which one can change the shape of the teeth such as contouring, braces, bonding, and veneers.
It is possible to remove cavities by simple brushing twice a day. Also, one should floss once in a day to remove bacteria.
Anyone with healthy roots and gums can get dental implants on the advice of the doctor.

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