How is it caused?
It is caused by streptococcal infection that infects the inner lining of the valves and cause rheumatic fever. The prone valve from rheumatic fever is mitral valve. It is not a one day process rather a long time is taken by the bacteria to manifest the symptoms.
How to prevent it?
Streptococcal infection in childhood can be prevented by antibiotic course and hence curbing the development of rheumatic fever. A child with throat infection should be checked for throat swab culture for streptococcus.
Symptoms of rheumatic fever
The symptoms start after one to five weeks of the streptococcal infection. The child suffers from joint pain, tenderness, hotness over the joints. Usually larger joints are involved. Small bumps under the skin can be seen in general. There will be a change in gait of the child suffering from rheumatic fever and the trunk will be with pink rashes with odd edges. All these symptoms are accompanied by fever, weight loss fatigue and stomach pain.
Treatment of rheumatic fever
Rheumatic fever can be corrected with the help of antibiotics course, anti-inflammatory drugs and proper bed rest. But if it is detected at the later stages when the mitral valve has gone for a six then surgical intervention becomes mandatory. The valve replacement then becomes the only option for the survival.
Common Cardiac Disorders